It is also referred to as Italian wild arugula, rustic arugula and perennial wall rocket. Conversely, it is also called rocket salad in English. Related Article: Does Arugula Need to be Thinned? One common nickname for it is rocket. All rights reserved. It might look like an unassuming leafy vegetable, but the reasons for its taste, health benefits and whether we like it all comes down to genetics. The latter has a more pungent flavor; immature or baby arugula has a milder taste and smaller leaves. Diplotaxis erucoides, also called wild arugula or wasabi arugula, is an annual with white flowers. The main difference between Arugula and Rocket is that the Arugula is a edible annual plant, commonly known as salad rocket, rucola, rucoli, rugula, colewort, roquette and missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine. Peppery arugula—also known as rocket—gives a bold flavor despite its delicate leafy appearance. My favorite is arugula salad with grapes and sunflower seeds. ), unless you've actually tried to grow arugula in your garden--certain caterpillars called cabbage worms seem to love munching on the stuff, and given the sorry state of ancient pesticides, the connection would have been pretty clear to most Romans. It is an essential ingredient in the Provençal mixed greens, mesclun. Rocket, or arugula, is safe to feed to bunnies as part of a varied diet mainly based on hay. It can germinate in as little as a few days, and be ready to harvest in a just a few weeks. Wild Arugula. Native to the Mediterranean, arugula is a common salad vegetable in many parts of southern Europe and has grown in popularity around the world for its peppery, nutty taste and its nutritional content. Known as Rocket (or Roquette), this is a member of the same family as cabbages and cresses. sativa (Miller) Thell., Brassica eruca L.) is an edible annual plant in the family Brassicaceae used as a leaf vegetable for its fresh, tart, bitter, and peppery flavor. It … It prefers well-drained, fertile soil, and full sunlight to flourish. Cooking advice that works. As centuries passed, arugula continued to spread. In Quebec, due to American influence, the rocket is sometimes called by its English name arugula, itself probably a deformation of the modern Italian rucola. Bagged arugula is often available year-round in supermarkets, with bunches and loose arugula showing up more in the fall and early spring. Arugula, also known as salad or garden rocket,is one of the nutritious green-leafy vegetable of Mediterranean origin. The reason why it is called rocket is still very unclear. Causes. People also call rocket salad “arugula,” but rocket salad is a different plant than wild arugula. Food words have some seriously gnarly roots, but follow them far back enough, and you can see culinary history all tangled up in a few short syllables. Rocket is just the tip of the iceberg here. Its also a bit spicy, so perhaps thats why! The latter has a more pungent flavor; immature or baby arugula has a milder taste and smaller leaves. That’s how the word became “rocket.”. Both of these words share a common ancestor, the Latin eruca, a plant species native to the Mediterranean region. When you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission at no additional cost to you. I really wish I had read this in 7th grade like everyone else instead of being a little jerk and skimming it enough to pass the exam. Arugula is delicious raw, and it can be used as a healthy add-on topping for pizza, nachos, sandwiches, and wraps. Check out this related article: Why are Limes Called Lemons in Mexico? ... "Arugula, Rocket (Rouette)." Wild Arugula Vs Rocket Salad Arugula Arugula: Wild Arugula Vs Rocket Salad. © 2020 ThriveCuisine.com All Rights Reserved. Arugula, (subspecies Eruca vesicaria sativa), also called roquette, salad rocket, garden rocket, or rugula, annual herb of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), grown for its pungent edible leaves. It is a major component of Italian dishes. Rocket (UK) / Arugula (US) This a peppery green leaf that you often get in salads. Affiliate Disclaimer: ThriveCuisine.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Order a rocket soup in some places and you’ll be met with blank stares. "Rocket," on the other hand, came up to English from a northern Italian dialect word, ruchetta, which worked its way over the Alps and became the French roquette. But the more detailed theory posits that it came from the word “roquette,” which was what arugula is called in France. Skip to main content. In Quebec, due to American influence, the rocket is sometimes called by its English name arugula , itself probably a deformation of the modern Italian rucola . You probably don’t want to plant this one in your vegetable garden. And like many of the folks who deride it, it's slightly bitter. Language is a funny old thing. Yep, arugula is rocket and rocket is arugula. Or, why is rocket called arugula in America? Arugula is a leafy green with a distinctive, peppery flavor that originated in the Mediterranean regions of Morocco, Portugal and Turkey. Our word, "arugula," wasn't all that commonly used in the U.S. until the 1980s, when it started catching on in trendy food circles. To revisit this article, select My⁠ ⁠Account, then View saved stories. Liverpool. Arugula leaves, also known as rocket or roquette, are tender and bite-sized with a tangy flavor. It has a manly bite. Centuries ago in Italy, arugula was also called “eruca.” This is the Latin word for “caterpillar,” and refers to how the plant was vulnerable to caterpillar infestations. Arugula is a plant of many names. Rocket is also a different word meaning a space vehicle or a firework. There are a couple main theories behind the name rocket in regards to arugula. She told me it was Arugula. Quick Answer: Why is Arugula Called Rocket Salad. In certain parts of Italy, this salad green commonly goes by the name rucola instead, although there are some people in the states who call it that, especially if they emigrated from Italy. Rocket or arugula (American English) (Eruca vesicaria; syns. Crisps (UK) / Chips (US) Americans and Brits fight over this one all the time! This is certainly true for arugula, which is known by several different names. It’s the same great leaf, whatever you call it. Arugula : A deep green leaf with dark green colour and deep notches ,up and down sides. Arugula is a synonym of rocket. Or, why is rocket called arugula in America? Arugula, scientific name Eruca Sativa, is a plant with interesting therapeutic properties belonging to the Crucifera family.. Having been well-known for so long, arugula has amassed a lot of other nicknames. It’s a staple vegetable in Italian and French cuisine. It has a strong, peppery flavour, and the leaves have a slight ‘bite’ to them. If you feel like going even further back, eruca itself comes from a proto-Indo-European root (more on what that means at the History of Honey), ghers-, which meant "bristly" (and which is also the root of "horror"), but that has more to do with the caterpillar than the crunchy greens. Arugula (which has the scientific plant name Eruca sativa) is also sometimes called Italian cress, rucola and salad rocket. Conversely, it is also called rocket salad in English. In British English, it is called, “rocket” – or “garden rocket” – or “roquette” – hence the play on words that “this is rocket science.” Why the British use the word, “rocket”, is beyond me – since this is actually a variety of arugula – at least in the U.S.A. Arugula – In Days Gone By Roquette is still a name for it in France. Bon Appétit may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. Also Read: Does Arugula Regrow After Cutting? Eventually, as the leafy green spread to France, the word adapted to its French surroundings. Arugula is also called garden rocket or rocket and comes from the Mediterranean region. Arugula is a common name for all the species of Brassicaceae family with pungent leaves. Arugula (Eruca sativa), is an edible annual plant, commonly known as salad rocket, roquette, rucola, rugula, or colewort. The earliest names for arugula come from there, including the roots for the name rocket. This didn't happen until the 16th century, though, as it took a while for arugula to make its way from the Mediterranean, where it had been grown since Roman times. January 16, 2011, Hari M, Leave a comment. Good stuff, no matter what its called. As a verb rocket is The answer lies in the toe of Italy's boot. I'm aware that the word rocket comes from the French roquette. Recipes you want to make. Disclosure: As Amazon Associates we earn from qualifying purchases. You may not have heard this, though, unless you’ve ever been to Italy. Likewise, ruchetta still exists in modern terminology, too. Food allergies occur when the immune system overreacts to certain proteins. You might be asking yourself, why is arugula called rocket salad? Arugula, also known as Eruca vesicaria, is a cruciferous vegetable, a cousin of broccoli, kale, and cabbage. Well that’s the case with Rocket leaves for me. See more. Eruca sativa Mill., E. vesicaria subsp. The Italian word is “rucola” or sometimes “rochetta”. There is also a variety called Diplotaxis muralis, or wall rocket, that grows wild in poor-quality, disturbed soils. Aphrodisiac jokes aside, this might seem a little odd (it tastes nothing like caterpillars! There are words in most languages that are corruptions of words from other languages. Mostly used in Italian salads now popular in the world. There are a couple main theories behind the name rocket in regards to arugula. Arugula has a peppery flavour that is exceptionally strong for a leafy green. Restaurant recommendations you trust. Arugula, also known as Eruca ... A version of this veggie called "wild arugula" tends to be more pungent. See more. Related Article: Why Does Arugula Turn Yellow? It doesn't mean anyone is illiterate or stupid. Once again, “arugula” is taken from Italian and is popular in the US, while “rocket” is simply an English version of the French word “roquette”. In yet more, you’ll be handed a steaming hot bowl of tasty, green arugula soup. Arugula : A deep green leaf with dark green colour and deep notches ,up and down sides. Arugula nutrition facts. By the way, it's also called rocket lettuce, which doesn't sound particularly sissified to me. Shop for arugula that is bright green with a soft texture. Arugula is the name especially given to Eruca sativa Mill. Why is arugula bitter? Arugula is peppery. Arugula: properties and benefits The answer lies in the toe of Italy's boot. Curious how certain fruits and vegetables got their names? Rocket (UK) / Arugula (US) This a peppery green leaf that you often get in salads. It is also called Rocket, Roquette, Rucola, Garden rocket, Rocket, Eruca, Rocket Salad, Arrugula, Gargeer, Roka, Rugula and Tira. In general, arugula grows to … Eruca was also the Latin word for "caterpillar," making arugula something like "the caterpillar plant." Seeds of arugula were used earlier to give flavor to the oils. Most Italian emigrants to the U.S. came from the South, bringing their dialects with them, so it makes sense that the calabrese term (or something similar) would be the one to filter into American English. L. ove it or hate it, rocket is popular all over the world. The first one is that the name refers to how quickly arugula grows. Arugula is called, “Rocket” not only in South Africa but in several other places – primarily where there are British lovers of this leafy green. Arugula is a member of the brassica, or cruciferous family. Why do we call arugula arugula, while the Brits call it rocket? Rucola is the Standard Italian word for the plant today, but the OED notes that the word in Calabria (the toe of the boot) is aruculu. When it reached English-speaking countries, the “qu” part of the word roquette was adapted for English. In addition, both plant use variations of the same names so you need to known how to differentiate between them. Another bonus is the Dr. Sebi Nutritional Guide recommends the use of wild arugula.. You can become confused when shopping for arugula because there are two main types of arugula, wild arugula and rocket salad. As you might have guessed she’s American. A trick I’ve used to offset direct sunlight effects on my plants during extreme summer heat, is to shade them with a makeshift tent – made from tarp or two. Welcome to Eat Your Words. Crisps (UK) / Chips (US) Americans and Brits fight over this one all the time! Eruca sativa, which is widely popular as a salad vegetable In North America, Rocket is usually called “Arugula.” Many people think that is the Italian name, but it isn’t. Before then, it was mostly used among Italian-Americans, who used the word "rucola" or "arugula" to refer to the plant, depending on what part of the Old Country they came from. '08's Arugulagate), but it isn't known universally as "arugula." The Greeks called it Hesperis (“vesper-flower”) because when it flowers, it gives off … Arugula is the name in America. In time, we may even see more nicknames for arugula develop, especially since it is now enjoying some much-deserved popularity all over the world. But you don’t need to stop there— add it to pizza, soup, sandwiches and pasta. Arugula is also called as rocket, roquette, rugula, and rucola. There’s a common trend you might be noticing here: most of arugula’s aliases come from Italy. Arugula, (subspecies Eruca vesicaria sativa), also called roquette, salad rocket, garden rocket, or rugula, annual herb of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), grown for its pungent edible leaves. Wild arugula’s botanical name is Diplotaxis tenuifolia or Sisymbrium tenuifolium and is … Arugula is a common name for all the species of Brassicaceae family with pungent leaves. |@Miracle_Indian They are two different things. Arugula is a member of the brassica, or cruciferous family. 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