Costa Rica is one of the few countries in the world that doesn't have an army. 2009 October - Former president Rafael Angel Calderon is sentenced to five years in jail after being convicted of corruption. Óscar Arias. 1949 - New constitution gives women and people of African descent the right to vote; armed forces abolished and replaced by civil guard; Jose Figueres Ferrer, co-founder of National Liberation Party (PLN), elected president and begins ambitious socialist programme, including introducing a social security system and nationalising banks. Mais de petites communautés se sédentarisent progressivement : on estime qu'à l'arrivée des Espagnols, au XVI e siècle, le territoire actuel du pays est occupé par 400 000 personnes . 1917 - Frederico Tinoco ousts the elected president, Alfredo Gonzalez, but is himself deposed two years later. 2006 February-March - Presidential election ends in a neck-and-neck race between Oscar Arias and Otton Solis. The place, the people, the opportunities: Invest in Costa Rica Costa Rica is a strategic destination for the operation of multinational enterprises in sectors such as the service industry, advanced manufacturing, life sciences and light manufacturing.Up to the present date, more than 250 world-leading enterprises have chosen our country as a place in which to expand their operations. As the story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by, As the landowners were quite poor and isolated from the, The Most important part of Costa Rican History, William Walker The Filibuster and Juan Santamaria The Hero, San Juan Santamaria International Airport. Paulo Wanchope. The indigenous cultures fled to the Talamanca mountain ranges where they remain to this day. It wasn't an easy country to conquer, largely due to its varied terrain and the lack of valuable mineral resources. The International Festival of Arts. The victorious junta drafted a constitution guaranteeing free elections with universal suffrage and the abolition of the military. Fast facts and information for students, children & kids via the Costa Rican Timeline. The History of Palmares Fiestas. 1502 - Christopher Columbus visits the area, naming it Costa Rica, (Rich Coast), but disease and resistance by the local population delay the establishment of a permanent settlement for nearly 60 years. The Guayabo National Monument is shrouded in mystery to this day but does reveal the existence of an ancient society of some sophistication. Home » Costa Rica Facts » Costa Rica History. 1825-04-10 Nicaraguan constituent assembly meets at … Bullfights are another traditional event during the Costa Rica holiday season. The Costa Rican Civil War was the bloodiest event in 20th-century Costa Rican history. Simple statistics cannot do justice to Costa Rica’s friendly people, stunning terrain, rich lands, and long history. 1968 - Arenal volcano erupts, causing many casualties. They keep their maiden name for life along with their mother’s maiden name. Expat Focus. However, the Communist Party did play a major role in organizing the 'Great Banana Strike' of 1934, the largest in Costa Rican history. As the landowners were quite poor and isolated from the Spanish Colonial centers of Mexico, Guatemala, and the Andes, and because there were very few indigenous labor forces to help, the first Costa Rican settlers soon turned into an autonomous and individual agrarian society. 1974 - Daniel Oduber (PLN) elected president and pursues socialist policies. The native population was small compared to the vast Pre-Columbian civilizations found throughout Latin America. Living in Costa Rica. The Chorotega people actually used the bean as currency up until the 1930s. In the 1840s the town became one of the important centres of coffee production, which remained the chief source of Costa Rica’s income throughout the 19th century. 1978 - Rodrigo Carazo, a conservative, elected president amid a sharp deterioration in the economy. 1561 - Spain's Juan de Cavallon leads the first successful colonisers into Costa Rica. The most extraordinary and quixotic artifacts left by Costa Rica’s ancestors are the astonishing stone spheres found near Palmar Norte and Palmar Sur in Corcovado. Costa Rican culture is a vibrant blend of indigenous heritage and Spanish colonial influence, with a dash of Jamaican, Chinese, and other immigrant cultures lending character and customs. The victorious junta, however, resulted in a constitution that gave way to free elections with universal suffrage and the total abolition of the army. Cartago is an excellent city in Costa Rica to experience culture and history without the crazy hustle and bustle of San Jose. 2004 July - Three Chilean diplomats are killed by a security guard at their embassy in San Jose. 2010 February - Costa Rica elects first woman president, Laura Chinchilla, who takes office in May. 4,808,000), 19,575 sq mi (50,700 sq km), Central America. We don't even have a military any more! Actress. 1987 - Leaders of Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras sign peace plan devised by Oscar Arias Sanchez, who in turn wins the Nobel Peace Prize for the plan. 2007 May - Government says Costa Rica on course to become first voluntarily 'carbon neutral' country. Meanwhile, Costa Rica comes under pressure from the US to weigh in against the Sandinistas in Nicaragua. The people famous in Costa Rica are people of repute who have strived hard to be the pride of the people of Costa Rica. A chronology of key events in the history of Costa Rica, from the arrival of the Christopher Columbus to the present Five Historical Facts of Costa Rica. 1808 - Coffee is introduced into Costa Rica from Cuba and becomes the principal crop. Today Costa Rica is a glittering gem of the world environmental movement. Travel Tips … The American Revolution, the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars in Europe were shakingup most of the Spanish colonies in America but not Costa Rica. The Top 20 Tourist Attractions in Costa Rica Unknown Costa Rica: 8 Secret Places to Visit 10 Incredible Surf Spots in Costa Rica Costa Rica: Pura Vida The Best Beaches in Central America ABOUT US Cookies The Jamestown, Va. colony was founded in 1607 along the James River, and the state was the birthplace of eight U.S. Presidents, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. 2008 November - Chinese President Hu Jintao makes highest-level visit by a Chinese official since Costa Rica ended diplomatic relations with Taiwan in 2007. Costarica History. As with most native tribes, their numbers are dwindling as their traditions and lands are usurped by modern societies. The young Juan Santamaria bravely volunteered to burn down the fort. The most famous national landmarks in Costa Rica take you on a whirlwind tour through the country’s long and illustrious history, showcasing the fact that Costa Rica is as rich in cultural and historical treasures as she is in nature-filled ones. Visit this site for this Costa Rican Timeline detailing Key historical dates and events. The Valle Central, with more than half the country’s population, is the most predominantly Spanish region in both its manner of living and its ancestry. 2004 October - Mounting concern over corruption as three former presidents - Jose Maria Figueres, Miguel Angel Rodriguez and Rafael Angel Calderon - are investigated over contractor payments. My Costa Rica (CostaRica.Org) is a Travel Agency that offers Custom Costa Rica Vacations & Packages Including Hotels, All-Inclusive Resorts and Tours. Strikes prompt three ministers to resign. Learn about 16 famous, scandalous and important events that happened in 1502 or search by date or keyword. This means that Costa Rica … Actor. 31 July 1976. Tourism in Costa Rica: History and Development History of Tourism: In the 1960’s Costa Rica warily became aware that tourism could be an important source of income. It was here all along and Costa Rica discovered Europeans in 1502! 1963-64 - Irazu volcano erupts, causing serious damage to agriculture. Bananas, coffee, sugar and beef are still important exports. That’s far earlier than originally thought. Horse Parade : El Tope Nacional – December 26th More than 3,000 horses trot down the Second Avenue year after year on December 26th to celebrate the long-standing tradition of the horse parade. Achieving Independence was one of the most important events in Costa Rica history. Costa Rica Becomes Independent. pop. Which they didn’t. 1987-10-13 Costa Rican President Oscar Arias wins Nobel Peace Prize. Come with me to learn more about this historic conflict. In fact, the abolition of the Costa Rican military was drafted into the country's constitution in 1949! The first evidence of human settlement in Costa Rica comes from around 10,000BC (12,000 years ago). Politician. And that is exactly the reason why the people of Costa Rica love their famous personalities and will continue to treasure the rich culture and history of their country. Travel. Costa Rica Independence The Most important part of Costa Rican History. Ecotourism unites conservation with local communities and incorporates important aspects of sustainable travel. “ It is free and offers important events in Costa Rican history as well as exhibits of contemporary Costa Rican artists. Later in 1948, Jose Figueres started a civil war in which 2000 people died; the war only lasted 44 days and was the bloodiest event ever to take place in Costa Rica. In the first round, they broke free from the rule of Spain. Former President of Costa Rica. 1991-04-22 Earthquake strikes Costa Rica & Panama, kills 95. Costa Rica has been inhabited as far back as 5000 years BC by indigenous people. Once the bull is … 29 May 1959. "; San Jose grew rapidly in the 20th century, Costa Rica has one of world's largest varieties of flora, fauna, High-tech future: chip maker Intel is Costa Rica's main exporter, Colonial legacy: white-faced building in Barva, Oscar Arias won the Nobel Peace price for efforts to end civil conflicts in his region, Served as president 1986 to 1990 and again from 2006 to 2010, Free trade deal with US has split Costa Rica like few other issues, CAFTA - Central American Free Trade Agreement, Meant to reduce US-Central America trade barriers, Opponents fear competition will ruin economy, Narrowly approved in referendum in October 2007, Also includes Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Dominican Republic, How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire, Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit, BBC News Updated every minute of every day, Country profile: United States of America. km). A trip to Costa Rica also lets you discover pristine national parks, ensuring plenty of chances to view wildlife from the comfort of eco-friendly lodges packed with amenities even ardent nature lovers secretly desire. Along with the other Central American countries, Costa Rica came about as a result of the Spanish conquest, first 'discovered' by Christopher Columbus in 1502. Festivals all over the country in honor of San Isidro, the patron saint of the peasant, blessings of animals and harvest, as well as parades and markets. Columbus Lands. Language: Spanish Main religion: Catholic Ethnic Makeup: Spanish, Italian, German, Jewish, Polish, Creole English, Jamaican, Atlantic slave, and indigenous descendants History Back in the 16th century, when the Spanish explorers arrived in what today is called Costa Rica, all they found was a region scarcely populated by several poorly organized tribes. 2005 January - National emergency declared as days of heavy rain lead to serious flooding along the Caribbean coast. L'histoire du Costa Rica commence entre 12 000 et 8 000 av. At the time, about 400,000 ... Costa Rica's First Successful Colony. It pales in comparison to nearby Cartago and is a thoroughly modernised centre of industry today. "With more than 2,000 dead, the 44-day Costa Rican Civil War resulting from this uprising was the bloodiest event in twentieth-century Costa Rican history." 1989-04-16 Costa Rica beats US 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup. Well, that may please Spanish historians, but it is not actually what happened in this episode of Costa Rica history. Video: Costa Rica a Ecotourism. Costa Rica already existed. 1989-04-30 US beats Costa Rica 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup. In Costa Rica: History In 1502 Christopher Columbus’s fourth Atlantic voyage brought him to the shores of Costa Rica, where he remained for 18 days refitting his ships. 1823 - Costa Rica joins the United Provinces of Central America, which also embraces El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. ! 18 August 1985. Oscar Arias Sanchez. Ecuador may be small in relation to its South American neighbors, but it has a long, rich history dating back to before the Inca Empire. A large part of the population identifies with the Catholic Church, and so share most religious holidays, but many of their traditions and celebrations are unique to Costa Rica. Costa Rica as part of the Kingdom of Guatemala became independent of Spain when the captain general of Guatemala proclaimed independence. Daniel Zovatto. Sep 18, 1502, The Discovery of Costa Rica Sep 22, 1980, Depression Apr 24, 1944, Coming Back Home Oct 10, 1665, Piracy! 1982 - Luis Alberto Monge (PLN) elected president and introduces harsh austerity programme. Although she tended to the women’s work of cooking, mending and caring for the sick, at the battle of Rivas she picked up a rifle; her shooting skill help the Ticos to recover a cannon, an important step toward preserving Costa Rica’s independence. Historical events from year 1502. Even in that short time, this celebration has become one of the biggest in Costa Rica, seeing more than a million people in attendance. It is bounded on the north by Nicaragua, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, on the southeast by  Coffee was introduced to Costa Rica from Jamaica in 1779. March 19. 1838 - Costa Rica becomes fully independent. 2003 May - Energy and telecommunications workers strike over President Pacheco's privatisation plans; teachers strike over problems in paying their salaries. It has its origin here in the activities of Minor C. Keith, who buys plantations and builds railways in Costa Rica from 1872. As the story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by Limon in 1502, and “discovered” Costa Rica. Unlike many of its neighbors, however, the Ticosmanaged to do it without bloodshed or revolution. In 2020 the population of Costa Rica was 5 million. The most prominent indigenous tribes are the Bribris, the Borucas, the Cabecares, the Huetares, the Malekus and the Chorotegas. A Little History. Religious festivals and masses in every city and village named after Saint Joseph. Virginia history includes being one of the 13 original colonies, the first permanently settled region by the English. The few remaining members of these tribes are trying to hold on to their customs and old way of life, although this is getting harder to maintain, and live in small villages in remote regions of the country. Costa Rica History, Language and Culture History of Costa Rica. The region grew slowly and was administered as a Spanish province. Why they disappeared is still unknown. Costa Rica Fact Sheet. Costa Rica’s history starts with the movement of tribes southwards from North America during the last Ice Age between 13,000 and 17,000 years ago. Instead of recurring cycles of dictatorship and poverty, Costa Rica boasts an enduring democracy and the highest standards of living in Central America. The National Orchid Exhibition. It's not really a bullfight. In 1522, the colonists named the land Costa Rica, meaning Rich Coast, in the hope that they were going to find gold in its hills. The President of Costa Rica at the time of William Walker’s arrival, JuanRafael Mora, brought together a makeshift army of peasants to fight the much more heavily armed enemy. The Costa Rican farmers hadthe more important concern of raising crops to occupy their attention. 2000 - President Rodriguez and his Nicaraguan counterpart resolve long-standing dispute over navigation along San Juan river, which serves as their border. The golden bands that the region's Carib Indians wore as earrings and nose rings inspired the crew to name the country Costa Rica, meaning Rich Coast. Costa Rica’s seamounts — mountains rising from the ocean floor that do not break the surface of the water — create rich feeding grounds for native species and provide habitats for migratory species like hammerhead sharks, manta rays, turtles, whales and tuna. As one of the youngest capitals in the region, San Jose's history is not extensive. 1940-44 - President Rafael Angel Calderon Guradia, founder of the United Christian Socialist Party (PUSC), introduces liberal reforms, including recognition of workers' rights and minimum wages. Costa Rican footballer. 1849-59 - Under the leadership of Juan Rafael Mora, Costa Rica takes the lead in organising Central American resistance against William Walker, the US adventurer who took over Nicaragua in 1855. 2011 March - UN International Court of Justice orders Nicaragua and Costa Rica to keep troops back from a disputed river border. 13 September 1940. Costa Rica Historic Sites: See reviews and photos of historic sites in Costa Rica, Central America on Tripadvisor. 1986 - Oscar Arias Sanchez (PLN) elected president on a neutral platform. Sor María Romero was born in Nicaragua in 1902 and died in 1977 but she is known and loved throughout Costa Rica and soon may be Costa Rica’s first saint. 1821 - Central America gains independence from Spain. It is here that the enemy made their mistake; Walker and his army took protection in a wooden fort. While this fact is certainly a blessing, it does not mean that it was a simple process. 1870-82 - Under the leadership of Tomas Guardia Costa Rica encourages intensive foreign investment in railways. In 1502, during his fourth and final trip to the Americas, Christopher Columbus landed in Costa Rica. 56,514 people are reading stories on the site right now. Bryan Ruiz. Costa Rica ; Top Stories. There is every reason to be optimistic about the future of Costa Rica. Up to this point, most of continental America to the south of the United States was part of … Soon after Mexico declared independence GeneralIrtubide was declared emperor of Mexico and tried to brin… The freshly earned independence and road to democracy was to receive a couple more blows before reaching stability. History . Footnote 13 The history of Costa Rican ecotourism not only fills these lacunae in one important national case, but it also offers compelling evidence on the emergence of new tourism categories, the role of business in commodifying existing natural endowments, and the impact of changing ideas—in this case, conservation, biodiversity, and environmentalism—on both entrepreneurs … Walker and his army invaded the Guanacaste province at the now Santa Rosa National Park and the Costa Rican army expelled and followed them into Rivas, Nicaragua. Today, Costa Rica is one of the most peaceful and prosperous countries in Latin America. In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. Since that day, Costa Rica has been investing in education, natural heritage and developing strategies for supporting workers’ rights. Joel Campbell. The political, social, and economic centre of Costa Rica, San José grew rapidly in the 20th century, both in population and in area. Most Popular Now | 56,514 people are reading stories on the site right now. The history of Cartago is surprisingly more impressive than that of the capital, San Jose, since it's much older and also the original capital of Costa Rica. 1540 onwards - Costa Rica is part of the vice-royalty of New Spain. But luckily, rights for the indigenous people have been put on the agenda and tourists can support them by visiting their villages and tribes. J.-C. L'isthme centraméricain n'est d'abord qu'un lieu de passage vers l'Amérique du Sud. 4,808,000), 19,575 sq mi (50,700 sq km), Central America. But some influences still remain and some tribes are still populating Costa Rica to this day. She came to Costa Rica in 1931 as a Salesian nun of the Order of Don Bosco and worked tirelessly to help the poor and the oppressed, founding homes for the abandoned and homeless. Soon after Mexico declared independence General Irtubide was declared emperor of Mexico and tried to bring Central American into his empire. Maribel Guardia. 2007 October - National referendum narrowly decides in favour of ratifying the Central American Free Trade Agreement (Cafta). Costa Rica’s indigenous history is not as prominent as it is in other Latin American cultures or even others just in Central America. Achieving Independence was one of the most important events in Costa Rica history. However, this lasting peace was the result of a dark period in Costa Rica's history - the civil war of 1948. pop. In 1502, Christopher Columbus arrived at Limon being lost. You can call it superstition or whatever you want to, but in Costa Rica, all Catholic Churches face west. firstname.lastname@example.org Call Us 1-800-969-6853 Help Center Blog 2007 June - Costa Rica switches diplomatic allegiance from Taiwan to China in a bid to attract Chinese investment. 18 February … It should minimize impact and provide a financial incentive for conservation. In Costa Rica, it is against the law to hurt the bull in any way. You see evidence of the indigenous influences in arts and crafts available throughout Costa Rica in the form of handcrafted ceramics, ornaments, and jewelry. A myriad of historical sites and subsequent ruins, containing a somewhat preserved city centre, are scattered about the area. The event is broadcast on multiple television networks in Costa Rica. You don’t need a ton of time in the city, you can spend just one or two days. Related Topics. As Spanish conquistadors hacked their way into Costa Rica, the dense rain forest was an obstacle to the quest for treasure. 1958-73 - Costa Rica governed by mainly conservative administrations. However, it is Costa Rica's largest city and retains a number of monuments of yesteryear, … The Top 20 Tourist Attractions in Costa Rica Unknown Costa Rica: 8 Secret Places to Visit 10 Incredible Surf Spots in Costa Rica Costa Rica: Pura Vida The Best Beaches in Central America ABOUT US Cookies  In Costa Rica, nearly all Catholic churches face west. 1540 onwards - Costa Rica is part of the vice-royalty of New Spain. Lighter Side. Today, Costa Rica is strongly shaped by its Spanish influences as well as Catholicism. Our love of the country runs so deep, the red-eyed tree frog and hummingbird in our logo was a tribute to its formative influence on this website. There were many migrations and influences from the Aztecs of Mexico to the Mayas and the Incas of Peru. 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